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Women’s priorities for increased political participation in Rivers State

Summary Across Nigeria, women are severely underrepresented at all levels of governance and face substantial social and economic barriers that hinder their active participation in politics. The situation in the Niger Delta is particularly difficult, due to highly competitive and violent aspects of politics and poor resource management by ...
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A Niger Delta Legacy Engagement Report

The Niger Delta legacy engagement set out to reduce acts of violence and increase the likelihood for a more peaceful future in the region. A tangled web of factors underlie the Niger Delta’s propensity for violence. Poor governance, inescapable poverty, environmental degradation and inadequate public services have all contributed ...
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Niger Delta Watch 2019

A civil society report on the conduct of the Nigerian elections In early 2019, Nigeria held its sixth cycle of elections since its restoration of democracy in 1999. This included two main sets of elections: Presidential and National Assembly polls, in February (after a week-long postponement, announced during the ...
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Aquaculture: how to guide

This is a practical guide, aimed at existing and new aquaculture farmers, to scale up available opportunities in the fish farming market by providing step by step instructions from how to set up a commercial fish farm through to sale at local markets, including: capturing, culturing, processing, and aggregators ...
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Piloting aquaculture livelihoods

Although male-dominated, women tend to be heavily involved in the marketing and sale of artisanally refined products. This project selected participants from surrounding communities, focusing on women at risk of participating in the artisanal oil industry, who had some experience in aquaculture. 40 participants in total, of which 24 were ...
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Public perceptions of security dynamics and stabilisation interventions in the Niger Delta: report 3

March 2018 - September 2018 Summary This report presents the results of a public perceptions survey, carried out by Stakeholder Democracy Network (SDN) in Bayelsa, Delta, and Rivers states. It focuses on citizens’ perceptions of the current security situation in the Niger Delta, and views on the actors and ...
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Artisanal Oil refining in the Niger Delta

Real stories from ex-participants in the informal oil industry permeating the Creeks in the Niger Delta. See our graphic guide to understanding the industry, or read our in-depth More Money, More Problems report on the growth of the industry between 2012-2017.
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Pipeline surveillance contracts in the Niger Delta

Pipeline surveillance contracts are awarded to private firms by government agencies and oil companies. Surveillance contractors are ostensibly tasked with monitoring sections of oil pipeline, identifying any breaks and protecting them from vandalism. However, the concept of pipeline surveillance contracts in the Niger Delta is a misnomer. They rarely ...
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The artisanal oil industry: a graphic guide.

This graphic guide illustrates the stages of the value chain in the artisanal oil industry. The value chain Crude oil pipeline tapping – vulnerable infrastructure is easily accessed to fix a tap to a pipeline or well head to siphon crude oil to export or supply refining camps. Locations ...
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Gas Flare Tracker

When crude oil is extracted from onshore and offshore oil wells it brings with it raw natural gas to the surface. In Nigeria a vast amount of this is burned directly into the atmosphere. The hazardous air pollutants emitted from gas flaring have been shown to severely impact human health ...
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Oil Spill Monitor

The Nigerian Oil Spill Monitor gives public access to current official data on oil spills collected by the National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA), the Nigerian environmental regulator, and displays this in an online map. By making the oil spill data more visible the system aims to show ...
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Public Perceptions of Security Dynamics and Stabilisation Interventions in the Niger Delta

October 2017 - March 2018 Read full report Summary This report presents the results of a public perceptions survey, carried out by SDN in Bayelsa, Delta, and Rivers states. It focuses on citizens’ perceptions of the current security situation in the Niger Delta, and views on the actors and ...
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SDN visits oil-impacted Biseni community

In 2018, SDN visited Biseni, a community in Bayelsa State, to learn more about the local impact of the oil industry. We spoke to community members about the challenges they face. Oil pollution is a major issue in the Niger Delta, with millions of people depending on land and water ...
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Building Transparent Polls

Reducing 2019 Election Risks The 2019 Nigerian elections are now less than three months away. Given the relative success of the 2015 elections – which, although flawed, saw an incumbent president relinquish power for the first time since Nigeria’s return to democracy in 1999 – they have the potential ...
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Case studies: How community voices create change

SDN has published three case studies looking at how communities can work together to support social change. The case studies highlight how advocacy groups in Kpite, Nonwa, and Ogu have lobbied their local authorities to implement key infrastructure projects in their area. The case studies highlight that while social ...
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Policy briefs: HCB and PIGB – what you need to know

Today SDN publishes two policy briefs looking at key pieces of Nigerian oil sector legislation. They examine the environmental aspects of the legislation, should it be passed – and what this will mean for the people of the Niger Delta. The policy briefs highlight that while there may be ...
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Agitators to legislators

The migration of ex-militants into Niger Delta politics Since the 2009 start of the Niger Delta amnesty programme, dozens of self-described former ‘agitators’ (ex-militants) have migrated out of the creeks and into politics. Initially, many acted as political thugs, or ‘godfathers’, to help mainstream politicians win elections, in exchange ...
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“More Money, More Problems” – Economic Dynamics of the Artisanal Oil Industry in the Niger Delta Over Five Years

This report calls for an alternative approach to tackle artisanal oil refining in the Niger Delta, based on an analysis of how the improvised artisanal oil refining value chain has adapted and changed in Bayelsa and Rivers states over the past five years. This quantitative and qualitative research is based ...
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Budget Processes Guide

This Guide explains how the government budget process works in Nigeria, and how communities in the Niger Delta can try and influence this process to support their needs. The aim of the guide is to encourage Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) and communities to monitor government financial planning and expenditure, ...
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2019 Election: Voter Toolkit

This voter toolkit has been produced to empower individuals and communities with critical information about the 2019 elections in accessible formats and regularly promoted over social media, with physical copies presented to communities in key areas. How to Protect Your Vote How To Cast Your Vote on Election ...
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Power Sector Review 2018

Nigeria’s power sector is failing. After $2 billion was spent on the nationalised National Electric Power Authority (NEPA) in the 1980s and 1990s, the Authority had an all-time low 1,700 MW of power capacity. This was hopelessly inadequate to meet the growing needs of the country. It was also clear ...
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Public Perceptions of Security Dynamics and Stabilisation Interventions in the Niger Delta

This report presents the results of a public perceptions survey, carried out by SDN in Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers states. It focuses on citizens’ perceptions of the current security situation in the Niger Delta, and views on the actors and interventions aiming to address the problem of instability and insecurity ...
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Electricity Sector Corruption Perception Index 2017: Promoting Accountability in Nigeria’s Electricity Sector

BEDC Electricity Corruption Perception Index 2017 4 This Corruption Perception Index (CPI) forms part of SDN’s ‘‘Promoting Accountability in the Electricity Sector’’ project. Funded by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the project is designed to help reduce corruption in the electricity sector, in particular at the distribution ...
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BEDC Customer Survey: Developing Mutual Accountability to Tackle Electricity

Research from a survey conducted for customers in selected Benin Electricity Distribution Company (BEDC) business districts has found widespread inadequacy in the reliability of the electricity supply to households and businesses in the area. Insufficient electricity supply stunts the growth of micro, small and medium enterprises, limiting the creation of ...
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Alternative Livelihoods: Allanblackia Potential

Between the years 2000 – 2005, Nigeria lost around 55% of its’ primary forests, causing the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) to record it as having the highest rate of deforestation in the world. Nigeria has been facing mass deforestation ever since due to both legal and illegal timber trade ...
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‘Nowhere to Run’ Trailer – Climate Change in Nigeria

The mounting consequences of climate change are taking their toll on Nigeria, from different angles: desertification in the north, deforestation in the south east, oil pollution and flooding in the south-south and erosion in the middle belt. Without effective policies in place to mitigate the impacts, the poor and vulnerable ...
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Solar lanterns in Niger Delta communities: Experiences in building a sustainable distribution model

The Niger Delta region fuels Nigeria’s economy, accounting for 95 per cent of Nigeria’s export earnings and over 80 per cent of the federal government’s revenue. Yet it remains one of the poorest parts of the country. Its considerable potential for socio-economic development has been hampered by a lack of access ...
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White Paper on Sustainable Closure and Decommissioning of Oil and Gas Assets in Nigeria

Decommissioning is the process whereby abandoned oil and gas fields are made safe and the land or sea is restored as far as possible to their original state. This practice is of utmost importance, as failure to mitigate the risk of negative environmental, social and economic impacts following the closures ...
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Improving Oil Spill Response in Nigeria

Comparative analysis of the forms, data and related processes of the Joint Investigation Visit (JIV) and suggestions on how these could be improved. A Joint Investigation Visit (JIV) is a visit to oil spill sites usually carried out within two weeks of an onshore oil spill in Nigeria. It is ...
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Addressing the South South’s Environmental Emergency: The vital importance of environmental issues in securing stability and prosperity in the Niger Delta

Nigeria is experiencing a national environmental emergency. Desertification in the North and rising sea levels in the South have led to higher than usual rates of migration, pressure on a weak supply chain for resources, and an additional strain on service provision in Nigeria’s major cities. The Intergovernmental Panel on ...
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Building Bridges: Community-Based Approaches to Tackle Pipeline Vandalism

Pipeline vandalism cost the Nigerian Government, oil-companies and communities an estimated $14bn dollars in 2014. The failure of the Nigerian state to provide basic public services and security in the Niger Delta has resulted in a significant breakdown of the social contract. In the void that remains, international and national oil companies ...
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A Closer Look at the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB)

The Nigerian government has long pledged its intent to overhaul the petroleum industry, entrenching efficiency and transparency in both upstream and downstream sectors, bringing operations in line with international standards. Yet the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB), which seeks to increase government revenue from oil and lay down a strengthened legal ...
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JIV Next Steps for Improving the JIV forms and related aspect of the JIV process

Joint Investigation Visit (JIV) is a visit to oil spill sites usually carried out within two weeks of an onshore oil spill in Nigeria. It is designed to assess the cause of the spill, the amount spilled and the scale and extent of damage and environmental impact. JIVs are usually ...
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Nigeria’s fuel subsidy under the spotlight

According to our independent analysis based on average domestic fuel consumption, subsidies claimed by fuel marketers cost Nigeria $2.9bn over the last year. This is a 400% increase since 2007 and a sum equivalent to 13% of the Federal Budget, passed in April 2015. Whatever strategy President Buhari chooses to address this ...
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Report on the Pan Niger Delta Youth Summit

The new Federal Government administration has not yet articulated its vision for the Niger Delta. As a result, the leaders in the region are concerned that the pledges for national development may not be inclusive. If these concerns are not addressed through a comprehensive and holistic approach, in the next 6 ...
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CMAP radio station solar power case study

The Sustainable Utilisation of Nigeria’s Gas and Renewable Energy Resources (SUNGAS) project is an EC-funded project with the aim to reduce poverty and support socio-economic development in the Niger Delta by promoting decentralised access to sustainable modern energy services. SDN’s element of the project aimed at developing community-based energy initiatives ...
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Towards improving the joint investigation visit for oil spills

This is a narrative report and recommendations from the event entitled ‘improving the JIV’ which took place in Port Harcourt on 27th November 2014. This report documents the findings of the various discussions around the JIV (Joint Investigation Visits that occur following oil spills in Nigeria), and most importantly documents ...
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Case study on practicalities and impacts of small scale solar lantern use in the Niger Delta

SDN initially distributed portable solar lanterns to urban and semi urban communities in Rivers State in order to better meet the decentralised energy needs of vulnerable groups. The Solar Portable Lighting Project sells individual renewable lights directly into communities through a local Community Distributor. Local entrepreneurs leverage upon existing relationships in ...
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Environmental Regulation: International Compensation Systems for oil spills in relation to reform in Nigeria

This report addresses the complexity of civil litigation for compensation for oil pollution damage in the Niger Delta, and calls for the creation of a fairer and more consistent system of defining liability and payment in Nigeria. The document outlines the development of international compensation before analysing international actions through ...
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Nigeria Gas Flare Tracker – Briefing Document

The Gas Flare Tracker system provides data and insight that will help guide regulation, incentives and investment aimed at reducing gas flaring and its impacts while increasing energy security and prosperity for Niger Delta communities and Nigeria as a whole. The application is an online map that displays a number of ...
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New Compensation Systems and Mechanisms in the Oil and Gas Industry in Nigeria

This report, which presents research on ‘New Compensation Rates and Processes in Nigeria’, was facilitated by Stakeholder Democracy Network (SDN) with funding from the Dutch Ministry. An expert team of researchers and valuers undertook the study to identify a fair and comprehensive ‘oil spill rates mechanism’ that captures the immediate ...
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Environmental regulation and pollution control in relation to reform in Nigeria

This document offers policy recommendation for the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB) in Nigeria. With examples from across the world, this paper outlines the extent to which global regulation and pollution control of the oil industry has evolved over time, largely propelled by serious accidents. These recommendation include the separation of ...
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Does Violence Pay? Community perceptions of violence

The Niger Delta was violently thrust on the attention of the world during its 2005 -2009 militancy crisis. This conflict reduced oil production by two thirds costing Nigeria over $15 billion a year in lost revenue. Weekly kidnappings, pipeline attacks and militarisation of the region made for newsworthy stories, whilst ...
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Communities not Criminals – Illegal Oil Refining in the Niger Delta

"The government and oil companies are collecting our oil, and we don't have jobs, no money, so we have to collect the oil and refine our own". Local Oil Refiner SDN latest report analyses the massive growth in artisanal oil refining in the Niger Delta. The report explains for the ...
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